The Industrial Revolution
Rise of Nationalism in Europe


WH10.2.5 Discuss how nationalism spread across Europe with Napoleon but was repressed for a generation under the Congress of Vienna and Concert of Europe until the Revolutions of 1848.
WH10.3.1 Analyze why England was the first country to industrialize.
WH10.3.2 Examine how scientific and technological changes and new forms of energy brought about massive social, economic, and cultural change (e.g., the inventions and discoveries of James Watt, Eli Whitney, Henry Bessemer, Louis Pasteur, Thomas Edison).
WH10.3.3 Describe the growth of population, rural to urban migration, and growth of cities associated with the Industrial Revolution.
WH10.3.4 Trace the evolution of work and labor, including the demise of the slave trade and the effects of immigration, mining and manufacturing, division of labor, and the union movement
WH10.3.5 Understand the connections among natural resources, entrepreneurship, labor, and capital in an industrial economy.
WH10.3.7 Describe the emergence of Romanticism in art and literature (e.g., the poetry of William Blake and William Wordsworth), social criticism (e.g., the novels of Charles Dickens), and the move away from Classicism in Europe.


(use option+click on the file below to download to your computer)

task #1
Download Chapter 4

Task #2
Define content vocabulary, put key terms and definitions from part #1 on your wiki page (create a new page for Unit #4)

Task #3
USE KEYNOTE to identify people and terms
  • place image and 5 key facts about person or term on a keynote slide
  • save slides from all parts as movie and set transition to 5 seconds
  • export to vimeo and embed on your wiki page

Urbanization and the First Industrial Revolution in Britain

Urbanization and the First Industrial Revolution in Britain from Andrew Devenney on Vimeo.


Vocabulary Define: dynamic, enclosure movement, capital, entrepreneur, cottage industry, puddling, migrate, industrial capitalism, socialism.
People and Events Identify: James Watt, Robert Fulton.

  1. When and where did the Industrial Revolution begin?
  2. What six factors contributed to the start of the Industrial Revolution?
  3. What four inventions advanced the production of cotton cloth?
  4. What effect did the steam engine have on the coal and iron industry?
  5. What was the Rocket?
  6. Why did factories begin to require workers to work in shifts?
  7. What three countries were the first to be industrialized in continental Europe?
  8. What happened in 1853 that showed Japan the importance of industrial power?
  9. What change took place in the American labor force between 1800 and 1860?
  10. What two classes of people emerged in the European society of the Industrial Revolution?

Vocabulary Define: conservatism, stability, beneficial, principle of intervention, liberalism, universal male suffrage, multinational state.
People and Events Identify: Congress of Vienna, Klemens von Metternich, Bill of Rights, Louis-Napoleon, German Confederation.


On your wiki page, create a number list from 1 through 21. Read Chapter 4 section 2 from the text book. As you read look for the following information. Where you see xxxxx fill in the correct word or words.

After the defeat of (1) xxxxx, European rulers moved to restore the old order with (2) xxxxx, (3) xxxxx, (4) xxxxx , and (5)
xxxxx in power. This goal was addressed at the Congress of (6) xxxxx in September 1814.

The arrangements made at this Congress were a victory for rulers who wanted to contain the new forces unleashed during the (7)
xxxxx Revolution. Their political philosophy, based on tradition and social stability, is known as (8) xxxxx . The great powers assumed the right of intervention whereby they could send armies into countries where there were revolutions in order to keep (9)
xxxxx in power.

Liberals believed in the protection of (10) xxxxx liberties, or the basic rights of all people. Most liberals favored a (11) xxxxx monarchy in which a king must follow the law. They thought that the right to vote should be open only to people with (12) xxxxx . These attitudes were (13) xxxxx attitudes.

(14) xxxxx in the nineteenth century arose out of people’s awareness of being part of a community with common institutions. People with a common language and traditions began to feel that they were the (15) xxxxx . (16) xxxxx feared the implications of such thinking and fought the forces of nationalism.

Nationalistic/liberal thinking led to (17) xxxxx in the countries of Europe. The (18) xxxxx of France was finally overthrown in 1848. Cries for change led many German rulers to promise (19) xxxxx , a free press, and jury trials. In Vienna, Austria, revolutionary forces took control of the (20) xxxxx and demanded a liberal constitution. Soon, however, the united front of moderate liberals and more radical nationalists throughout Europe was weakened by disagreements over their goals, and so (21) xxxxx forces were able to regain control.

Vocabulary Define: militarism, reliance, levy, kaiser, plebiscite, emancipation, successor, abolitionism, secede.
People Identify: Giuseppe Garibaldi, Otto von Bismarck, Queen Victoria, Czar Alexander II.

Copy the following list to your wiki page for chapter/unit 4 section 3, Look for the
xxxxx and fill in the missing word or words to make the outline correct.

I. The Crimean War was the result of a struggle between xxxxx and the xxxxx.
A. Russia was interested in expanding its power into the xxxxx.
B. Fearful of Russian power,xxxxx and xxxxx declared war on Russia.
C. The Crimean War destroyed the xxxxx of Europe.

II. On March 17, 1861, King Victor xxxxx II proclaimed a new kingdom of Italy.

III. Under Bismarck, Prussia organized the Northern German states into a xxxxx.
A. In 1870,xxxxx armies defeated an entire French army and the French ruler.
B. The southern German states agreed to enter the xxxxx German Confederation.

IV. By giving the xxxxx class a voice in rule, Britain avoided revolution in 1848.

V. The French were defeated in a war with the xxxxx and the Second Napoleonic Empire fell.

VI. The xxxxx of1867created dual monarchies in Austria and Hungary.

VII. The xxxxx of Alexander II in 1881 returned Russia to the old methods of repression.

VIII. In December 1860, a South Carolina convention voted to xxxxx , or withdraw, from the United States.

IX. The end of the American Civil War meant that the United States would be “one nation, xxxxx.”

Vocabulary Define: romanticism, abandon, secularization, organic evolution, adapt, natural selection, variation, controversy, realism.
People Identify: Ludwig van Beethoven, Louis Pasteur, Charles Darwin, Charles Dickens.

Copy the following list to your wiki page for chapter/unit 4, Look for the
xxxxx and fill in the missing word or words to make the statement correct.

1. The xxxxx emphasized the feelings, emotion, and imagination of the individual artist or writer.
2. Many romantic writers in England lived during the early xxxxx, and they often expressed a horror of the conditions they saw.
3. Romantics loved to think about past ages, especially xxxxx times.
4. The exotic and xxxxx also attracted many romantics.
5. Chilling examples of romantic literature are Mary Shelley’s xxxxx in Britain and Edgar Allen Poe’s short stories of horror in the United States.
6. xxxxx and other romantic poets believed science had reduced nature to a cold object of study.
7. Romantic artists believed art was a reflection of the artist’s inner xxxxx .
8. Romantic trends also dominated xxxxx the first half of the nineteenth century.
9. xxxxx said, “I must write, for what weighs on my heart, I must express!”
10. In biology, Frenchman Louis Pasteur proposed the xxxxx theory of disease.
11. In Great Britain, Michael Faraday put together a primitive generator that laid the foundation for the use of
xxxxx current.
12. Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, a theory that each kind of plant and animal had xxxxx over a long period of time.
13. Darwin’s ideas raised a storm of xxxxx.
14. Literary realists wanted to write about xxxxx characters from actual life rather than romantic heroes in exotic settings.