POWERPOINT SUMMARY

THE GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL PROSPERITY


STANDARDS

WH10.3 Students analyze the effects of the Industrial Revolution in England, France, Germany, Japan, and the United States.
WH10.3.3 Describe the growth of population, rural to urban migration, and growth of cities associated with the Industrial Revolution.
WH10.3.4 Trace the evolution of work and labor, including the demise of the slave trade and the effects of immigration, mining and manufacturing, division of labor, and the union movement.
WH10.3.6 Analyze the emergence of capitalism as a dominant economic pattern and the responses to it, including Utopianism, Social Democracy, Socialism, and Communism.
WH10.4.1 Describe the rise of industrial economies and their link to imperialism and colonialism (e.g., the role played by national security and strategic advantage; moral issues raised by the search for national hegemony, Social Darwinism, and the missionary impulse; material issues such as land, resources, and technology)



PART ONE - THE GROWTH OF INDUSTRIAL PROSPERITY


Vocabulary Define: generator, trans- form, assembly line, mass production, emerge, proletariat, dictatorship, revisionist.
People Identify: Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell, Guglielmo Marconi, Karl Marx.

QUESTIONS
(on your wikipage for Chapter 5 copy and answer the following questions)

1. What commodities were a part of the Second Industrial Revolution?
2. Name one major industrial change between 1870 and 1914.
3. Electricity could be converted into what other forms of energy?
4. Why could Europeans afford to buy more consumer products?
5. Which part of Europe remained largely agricultural and little industrialized?
6. What two types of transportation contributed to the advancement of a true world economy?
7. Who wrote The Communist Manifesto?
8. According to Karl Marx, what two groups of society would grow more and more hostile toward one another?
9. What did the German Social Democratic Party become in 1912?
10. What did pure Marxists believe about capitalism?
11. Why would workers organize in a labor union?



PART TWO - THE EMERGENCE OF MASS SOCIETY


Vocabulary Define: innovation, objective, feminism, literacy.
People Identify: Florence Nightingale, Emmeline Pankhurst.

QUESTIONS
On your wikipage for Chapter 5 create a space for section 2 and copy the following. Replace the xxxxx withe the correct word or words. Be sure to highlight your correction to make it easy to read.


By the end of the nineteenth century, industrialization had led to the emergence of a (1) mass society where the lower classes were concentrated in cities. Municipal governments made innovations in (2) xxxxx and sanitation so that many more people could survive living close together. At the top of European society stood a wealthy (3) elite. This group made up only 5 percent of the population but controlled 30 to 40 percent of the (4) wealth. The (5) middle classes consisted of lawyers, doctors, members of the civil service, business managers, engineers, architects, accountants, and chemists. The European middle classes believed in (6) xxxxx, which was open to everyone and guaranteed to have positive results. The working classes were (7) xxxxx peasants, farm laborers, and sharecroppers. (8) xxxxx labor was made up of day laborers and domestic servants who were mostly women.
The (9) xxxxx Industrial Revolution opened the door to new jobs for women. By the 1840s and 1850s, the movement for women’s rights expanded as women called for equal (10) xxxxx rights. Between 1870 and 1914, most Western governments financed (11) xxxxx education. Both boys and girls between the ages of 6 and 12 were now required to attend school. The most immediate result of public education was an increase in (12) xxxxx. New forms of (13) xxxxx appeared in society. Leisure came to be viewed as what people do for (14) xxxxx after work.




PART THREE - THE NATIONAL STATE AND DEMOCRACY


Vocabulary Define: ministerial responsibility, crucial, compensation, Duma.
People Identify: Otto von Bismarck, William II, Francis Joseph, Nicholas II, Queen Liliuokalani.


QUESTIONS
On your wikipage for Chapter 5 create a space for section 3 and copy the following. Replace the xxxxx withe the correct word or words. Be sure to highlight your correction to make it easy to read.



I. By the late nineteenth century in European nations, especially in Western Europe, xxxxx was becoming well established.
A. In Great Britain, the xxxxx and xxxxx Parties alternated in power.
B. With the set up of the Third French Republic, France’s new government had a xxxxx and a xxxxx .
C. Constant turmoil between xxxxx and xxxxx weakened the social fabric of Italy.

II. The xxxxx and xxxxx European nations pursued much different policies from their western counterparts.
A. In Germany, ministers of government were responsible not to parliament but to the xxxxx.
B. Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria-Hungary largely xxxxx the parliament, issuing his own decrees and laws.
C. Nicolas II of Russia believed the xxxxx power of the should be preserved.

III. Four years of Civil War had preserved the American xxxxx .
A. By 1900, the United States had become the world’s xxxxx nation, but wealth was very xxxxx distributed.
B. America gained control over xxxxx, xxxxx, xxxxx , xxxxx , and the xxxxx .


IV. When Emperor William II of Germany fired Bismarck and dropped a treaty with Russia, xxxxx concluded a military alliance with Russia.

V. A series of crises in the between set the stage for World War I.
A. In 1908, Austria-Hungary took the step of xxxxx Bosnia and Herzegovina.
B. The Russians supported the xxxxx in opposing the Austrian annexation.
C. By 1914 the conflict had grown intense. The Serbians blamed xxxxx for their inability to expand Serbia.




PART FOUR - TOWARD THE MODERN CONSCIOUSNESS


Vocabulary Define: psychoanalysis, Social Darwinism, discrimination, pogrom, annually, modernism, reinforce.
People Identify: Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Claude Monet, Pablo Picasso, Frank Lloyd Wrigh

QUESTIONS

On your wikipage for Chapter 5 create a space for section 3 and copy the following. Replace the xxxxx withe the correct word or words. Be sure to highlight your correction to make it easy to read.


  1. Before 1914, xxxxx, xxxxx, and xxxxx were still important words to Europeans.
  2. Science offered a certainty of belief in the xxxxx of nature.
  3. The French scientist Marie Curie discovered that xxxxx gave off energy from within itself.
  4. Albert Einstein published his theory of xxxxx which stated that space and time are not absolute but are relative to the observer.
  5. According to Sigmund Freud, human behavior was strongly determined by xxxxx experiences and xxxxx forces.
  6. xxxxx, pioneered by Freud, developed into a major profession.
  7. Social xxxxx was the theory that social progress came from “the struggle for survival” as the “fit” advanced and the “weak” declined.
  8. In Germany and Austria-Hungary during the 1880s and 1890s, new parties arose that used xxxxx to win the votes of people who felt threatened by changing times.
  9. The symbolist writers believed that it was not possible to know the xxxxx world.
  10. Impressionists rejected the studios where artists had traditionally worked and went out into the xxxxx to paint nature directly.
  11. For Postimpressionist Vincent Van Gogh, art was a xxxxx experience.
  12. Functionalism was the idea that buildings, like the products of machines, should be xxxxx
  13. Russian composer Igor Stravinsky’s expressive sounds and bold rhythms were so revolutionary, the audience nearly rioted at his xxxxx ballet.


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