TEXT CHAPTER


POWERPOINT SUMMARY



WW I summary website SUMMARY



WH10.5.1 Analyze the arguments for entering into war presented by leaders from all sides of the Great War and the role of political and economic rivalries, ethnic and ideological conflicts, domestic discontent and disorder, and propaganda and nationalism in mobilizing the civilian population in support of “total war.”
WH10.5.2 Examine the principal theaters of battle, major turning points, and the importance of geographic factors in military decisions and outcomes (e.g., topography, waterways, distance, climate).
WH10.5.3 Explain how the Russian Revolution and the entry of the United States affected the course and outcome of the war.
WH10.6.1 Analyze the aims and negotiating roles of world leaders, the terms and influence of the Treaty of Versailles and Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points, and the causes and effects of the United States’ rejection of the League of Nations on world politics.
WH10.7.1 Understand the causes and consequences of the Russian Revolution, including Lenin’s use of totalitarian means to seize and maintain control (e.g., the Gulag).




An assassination in the Balkans sparked the outbreak of World War I. Millions died during the war, which also led to a revolution and Communist rule in Russia. The war settlements redrew the map of Europe and imposed heavy penalties on Germany.

Section 1 The Road to World War I
Competition over trade and colonies led to the formation of two rival European alliances—the Triple Entente of Great Britain, France, and Russia; and the Triple Alliance, consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. Repeated crises over Serbian claims on the Austro-Hungarian region of Bosnia revealed the dangers in these alliances. Austria-Hungary, as well as numerous other European governments, confronted challenges from minorities that wished to establish their own national states. Strikes and violent actions by socialist labor movements also threatened European governments. Many states responded with increasing militarism. The assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary by a Bosnian Serb militant set off a chain of diplomatic and military decisions that led all of the Great Powers of Europe into World War I.

Section 2 The War
Most people in 1914 believed that the war would end quickly. The picture changed, though, as trench warfare between France and Germany turned into a stalemate and casualties mounted throughout Europe. Italy switched sides, and the Ottoman Empire joined the war on the side of the Triple Alliance. The war broadened further when German colonies came under attack and the British encouraged Ottoman provinces in the Middle East to revolt. The United States entered the war in 1917 in response to the German use of submarines against passenger ships. As the war dragged on, governments took control of national economies, censored the news media, and used propaganda to bolster public opinion. Women entered the workforce in large numbers. After the war, many lost their jobs to men but gained expanded rights and status. By 1921 women had the vote in Austria, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States.

Section 3 The Russian Revolution
Russia was unprepared for World War I and suffered massive casualties early in the war. Bread shortages and anger at the mounting casualties brought street protests led by working-class women and a workers' general strike. Nicholas stepped down as czar, and a provisional government was formed. Meanwhile, soviets—councils representing workers and soldiers—sprang up throughout the country. In the soviets, Bolsheviks, a socialist group committed to violent revolution, played a crucial role under the leadership of V.I. Lenin. In October 1917, the Bolsheviks overthrew the provisional government. The czar and his family were held captive and then executed by members of a local soviet. Civil war ensued between the Bolshevik Communist regime and anti-Communists. Despite aid from the Allied forces, the anti-Communists were defeated by a well-disciplined Communist Red Army.

Section 4 End of the War
Allied forces finally defeated Germany at the Second Battle of the Marne but would not make peace with the German emperor. In the face of upheaval, William II fled Germany. Social Democrats then formed a democratic republic, which signed an armistice with the Allies and crushed a Communist attempt to seize power. The Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolved into four separate states. U.S. president Woodrow Wilson sought to pave the way for a just and lasting peace by creating the League of Nations. However, the Treaty of Versailles imposed harsh penalties on Germany. The war settlements redrew the map of Europe and dissolved the Ottoman Empire. Ignoring promises made during the war, France and Britain took control of several Arab states. Despite the principle of self-determination, many eastern European states included large ethnic minorities, setting the stage for later conflicts.





A GREAT LINK FOR INFORMATION

PROJECT


Project 5.1- WWI Keynote TImeline

You will use keynote or for this project. The goal of this project is to come up with a timeline of the events of WWI and get an overall picture of how the war unfolded. You will use the link below to complete this project. You job is to put the events in order and create a timeline out of the events. Once you put the events in order, you will make them into slides. Each event should have two slides. One slide should have the name of the event, a picture of it, and the date it happened. The following slide should have a solid explanation of what happened, its significance, and another picture.
-You must have a title slide and a works cited page.
-You must have at least three sources using easybib.com
-You can use the image gallery links below under 5.2 for your images.
-If the event lasted for a long period of time, show the dates and put it where you best see fit.

Here are the events: external image zip.png WWI TImeline.pages

Here is a helpful link to figure out the dates: WWI Datesf

Points: 50

Project 5.2- WWI Movie Trailer


Option #1
You will use imovie or Final Cut for this project. Your assignment is to make a movie trailer that displays the overall significance and meaning of the term you choose. You have the choice of the following terms to do your movie trailer on:
1.Total War
2. Schlieffen Plan
3. Trench Warfare
4. The Assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand
5. First Battle of the Marne
6. Stalemate
7. Battle of Verdun
8. Battle of the Somme
9. Gallipoli Campaign
10. The Christmas Truce

You can either do a re-enactment type movie trailer, a trailer using only your voice and images from the sites I have given you, or a mixture o both. All that I ask is that you cover the topic in an educational, clever, and accurate way. Be appropriate and be specific. Here are the requirements:
-The video must be at least 2 minutes long.
-The video must open with the title so I know specifically which topic you have chosen.
-A portion of your video must be voice over (like you would hear in a real trailer)
-If you use images, show what sites you used at the end.
-You video must include music during part of it (music from that era would be good).
-This must be uploaded to vimeo for full credit.

Follow these questions:
1) Define your topic in detail.
2) What are the causes and outcomes?
3) How many people were involved and who specifically
4) What are some examples (if needed)?
5) How many casualties?
6) What were conditions like?

7)When you turn in your video, you must also show me a two paragraph explanation of your topic in on your wiki. This is worth ten points.

IF YOU WANT TO WORK IN PARTNERS, YOU MUST DO TWO TOPICS, MAKE IT FOUR MINUTES (AT LEAST), AND HAVE LIVE RECORDING (RE-ENACTMENT) IN YOUR VIDEO.

Great War Images
WWI Archive
For examples watch Saving Private Ryan, Flags of our Fathers, and Joyeaux Noel movie trailers on youtube.com

Option #2
Make a keynote that gives specific details on The Battle of Tenneberg, The Battle of Verdun, The Battle of the Somme, The first Battle of the Marne, Gallipoli Campaign, the Stalemate and the Christmas truce.
Each battle should be two slides long. You must have a title slide and a works cited page. You must cite using easybib.com and you must have at least 5 sources. Save it as a video and upload to vimeo

Total points on either project: 50 points.



Part 1

The Road to World War I

Define: ethnic, conscription, alter, anticipate, behalf, mobilization.
Identify: Triple Alliance, Triple Entente, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, Gavrilo Princip, Emperor William II, Czar Nicholas II, General Alfred von Schlieffen.


DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions as you read Section 1.
1. What did liberals believe about European states in the early nineteenth century?
2. Name the two loose alliances of Europe’s great powers.
3. What did trade unions and Socialist parties do to achieve their goals?
4. What did the large size of European armies make obvious?
5. What three things may have played a role in starting World War I?
6. Which country supported Serbia’s desire to create an independent Slavic state?
7. What assassination instigated war between Serbia and Austria-Hungary?
8. What action of Russia prompted Germany to declare war?
9. What was Germany’s Schlieffen Plan?
10. By what route did Germany invade France?
11. For what official reason did Great Britain declare war on Germany?





Part 2

The War

Define: propaganda, trench warfare, war of attrition, suspend, submission, assure, total war, planned economies.
Identify: Lawrence of Arabia, Admiral Holtzendorff, Woodrow Wilson.


DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blanks below as you read Section 2.

Before 1914, many political leaders thought war in Europe could be (1) XXXXX. Government (2) XXXXX had worked in stir- ring up national hatreds before the war. In August 1914, most people seemed gen- uinely convinced that their nation’s cause was (3) XXXXX .

The German Schlieffen Plan called for the German army to sweep around (4) XXXXX and surround most of the French army. The German advance was halted at (5) XXXXX. The war quickly turned into a (6) XXXXX . The unexpected development of (7) XXXXX on the Western Front baffled military leaders. In 10 months at (8) XXXXX , France, in 1916, seven hundred thousand men lost their lives over a few miles of land. By the end of 1915 (9) XXXXX began to be used to attack ground targets.


The Ottoman Empire came into the war on the side of (10) XXXXX, prompting the Allies to declare war on them as well. By 1917, the war that had started in Europe had truly become a (11) XXXXX . The Allies took advantage of the war to seize German (12) XXXXX in the rest of the world. The United States tried to remain neutral, but unrestricted (13) XXXXX warfare by the Germans brought America into the war in 1917.
World War I affected the lives of all citizens in the warring countries, however remote they might be from the (14) XXXXX . (15) XXXXX regimes such as Germany, Russia, and Austria-Hungary relied on force to subdue their populations. In some countries, the role played by women in wartime economies had a (16) XXXXX impact on their social and political (17) XXXXX.






Part 3

The Russian Revolution

Define: soviets, coincide, irrelevant, war communism.
Identify: Alexandra, Grigori Rasputin, Alexander Kerensky, Bolsheviks, V. I. Lenin, Leon Trotsky.


DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blanks below as you read Section 3.

I. Russia was XXXXX for the total war of World War I.
A. XXXXX was increasingly cut off from events by his wife.

B. In March 1917, a series of strikes led by XXXXX, started in Petrograd.

C. Nicholas ordered troops to break up crowds by XXXXX if necessary.
D. A socialist group, the XXXXX, represented the radical interests of lower classes.


II. The Bolsheviks were a XXXXX party called the Russian Social Democrats.
A. The Bolsheviks came under the leadership of V.I. XXXXX .
1. They became a party dedicated to XXXXX .
2. “Peace, XXXXX , Bread” summed up the Bolshevik program.
B. On November 6, 1917, the Bolsheviks seized the XXXXX .
C. Real power stayed with the XXXXX , headed by Lenin.

III. Many people were XXXXX to the Bolshevik or Communist regime.
A. Allied forces gave XXXXX to anti-Communist forces.
B. By 1920, major opposition to the Communists had been XXXXX.
C. On July 16, 1918, soviets XXXXX Czar Nicholas and his family.

IV. Lenin and the Communists XXXXX in the Civil War.
A. Leon Trotsky organized a well-disciplined XXXXX.

B. The Communists had a XXXXX sense of purpose.
C. Secret police began a XXXXX aimed at crushing dissent.





Part 4

End of the War

Define: concentrate, armistice, consistent, reparation, clause, mandate.
Identify: Erich von Ludendorff, Friedrich Ebert, David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau.


DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blanks below as you read Section 4.

1. Allied XXXXX on the Western Front had been badly defeated.
2. The entry of the United States into the war in 1917 gave the Allies a much-needed XXXXX boost.
3. The withdrawal of the Russians allowed Germany to concentrate on the XXXXX
4. After William II’s departure, the XXXXX in Germany under Friedrich Ebert announced the creation of a democratic republic and signed an .
5. An attempt at revolution left the German middle class with a deep fear of XXXXX .
6. XXXXX among the nations that succeeded Austria-Hungary would weaken eastern Europe for the next 80 years.

7. In January 1919, representatives of 27 victorious Allied nations met in XXXXX to make a final settlement of the Great War.
8. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson portrayed World War I as a people’s war against “ XXXXX and XXXXX.”
9. David Lloyd George, prime minister of XXXXX , had a simple platform at the Peace Conference: make the Germans XXXXX.
10. President Wilson’s idea of creating a XXXXX to prevent future wars was accepted after Wilson agreed to make compromises on XXXXX arrangements.
11. In the XXXXX , Germany was ordered to pay reparations for all the dam- age to which the Allied nations had been subjected.
12. Both the German and Russian empires lost considerable XXXXX and the Austro-Hungarian Empire XXXXX altogether.