Watch the History Channel - Engineering an Empire

then complete the following


Using the dictionary at , an Internet resource such as , or an encyclopedia, students should define or explain the significance of the following terms:
  1. catastrophic
  2. coalition
  3. divine
  4. empire
  5. façade
  6. inconceivable
  7. obelisk
  8. subterranean
  9. symmetrical
  10. unprecedented

discussion questions

1. What role do you think the Nile River played in Egypt’s prosperity? Do you think ancient Egypt could have become a majestic civilization without the Nile?

2. What were some of the ways Egyptians harnessed the power of the Nile? What was the primary route of transportation they developed, and what were the techniques ancient Egyptians used to develop them?

3.How would you describe the power structure of ancient Egypt? What does it mean to describe Egyptian kings and queens as “divine”? What powers did they believe this enabled them?

4. What were some examples of the challenges laborers faced in constructing Egypt’s monuments? What do you think motivated them?

5. This documentary reveals the ways many Egyptian engineering feats were marked by failure initially. Gives one examples of mistakes or failures engineers and workers encountered and the solutions they developed. What if the Egyptians had simply abandoned these tasks?

6. Why were pharaohs’ tombs so significant in ancient Egypt? What were some of the hall marks and notable characteristics of Egyptian tombs?

7. Why was the reign of Queen Hatshepsut important among the long line of Egyptian leaders? What were some of the key innovations that resulted from herreign?

8. What are some of the connections between Egyptian engineering and the expansion of its empire?

9. By building such grand monuments, what messages do you think the Egyptians wanted to send to their enemies, to their gods, and to the generations that followed them? Could some monuments achieve allof these goals at the same time? Discuss.

10. Why are Egyptian obelisks considered one of the most amazing architectural feats ever achieved? Do you think they could beconstructed today?

extended activities

1. Through out this documentary, many architectural innovations and structures are introduced. In small groups, choose one of these structures and create a plan for how you would build it if you were given the task today. Be sure to includede tails for materials needed, the techniques you would employ, and the number of people required to construct it. Then, build a replica of these monuments in3-DPowerPoint presentations,or in drawings.
2. Egyptian obelisks stood as some of the most significant monuments adorned with symbols rich in meaning. Design an obelisk of your own to record the history of your city, school, or country. Include a short essay describing the symbols you have chosen and what they represent. Also include an explanation of who you imagine will view your obelisk and what messages you would like to transmit to them. If possible, create art projects that depict your obelisks, and share them with your larger class or group.
3. This documentary covers an extensive time period in ancient Egypt. In small groups, construct a timeline which traces the eras of Egyptian history discussed in this documentary. Then, on a larger time line, plot ancient Egypt along a broader timeline that includes the other empires and cultures you have studied. These timelines could be illustrated with images and additional facts about ancient Egypt. (use TimeToast)