WH10.8.2 Understand the role of appeasement, nonintervention (isolationism), and the domestic distractions in Europe and the United States prior to the outbreak of World War II.
WH10.8.3 Identify and locate the Allied and Axis powers on a map and discuss the major turning points of the war, the principal theaters of conflict, key strategic decisions and the resulting war conferences and political resolutions, with emphasis on the importance of geographic factors.
WH10.8.4 Describe the political, diplomatic, and military leaders during the war (e.g., Winston Churchill, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Emperor Hirohito, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin, Douglas MacArthur, Dwight Eisenhower).
WH10.8.5 Analyze the Nazi policy of pursuing racial purity, especially against the European Jews; its transformation into the Final Solution; and the Holocaust that resulted in the murder of six million Jewish civilians.
WH10.8.6 Discuss the human costs of war, with particular attention to the civilian and military losses in Russia, Germany, Britain, the United States, China, and Japan.
WH10.9.1 Compare the economic and military power shifts caused by war, including the Yalta Pact, the development of nuclear weapons, Soviet control over Eastern European nations, and the economic recoveries of Germany and Japan.

RESOURCES





PROJECT
go to myfakewall.com
create an account using your school email
after you have created the account use the website to complete the following project
post the link to your wiki page and email the link to mr lewis to turn in the assignment

CHOOSE 1 OF THE FOLLOWING
Italy, Japan, Germany, UK/Great Britain, USSR/Soviet Union, USA

For extra credit you may choose one of the following
War in Europe (begin with Austria 1938), War in the Pacific (Begin with Japan into China 1937), Eisenhower, MacArthur or Patton (concentrate only on military careers

Standard - this minimum is eligible for 75 of the 100 points
you must have 6 profile images
you must create a minimum of 6 "friends" (these may be either countries or important leaders from those countries)
you must have a minimum of 15 wall "status updates" or postings
Each posting must have at least one response from a "friend"
please look at this example for "C-" work does not have 15 entries - c- example
the is an "A-" example (missing profile pictures A- Example

For additional points you will need additional original postings and responses from friends
please pay particular attention to historical accuracy
pay attention to dates
IMPORTANT you may need to outline your page - if you create an entry with a date of 1943 and then follow that with an entry dated 1942 the page will NOT automatically reorganize the entries to make them linear and correct

using the image post and having accurate images for your post will also improve your score

Please email or speak with Mr. Lewis if you have additional questions








Chapter Overview
The German and Japanese occupations of neighboring countries led to a brutal war that took millions of lives. Both countries were defeated, but not before the Nazis had killed millions of people in pursuit of German domination of Europe.

Section 1 Paths to War
Aggressive moves by Germany and Japan set the stage for World War II. Adolf Hitler began a massive military buildup and instituted a draft in violation of the Treaty of Versailles. The German annexation of Austria alarmed France but did not shake Great Britain's policy of appeasement. Mussolini became a German ally. Appeasement of Germany peaked at a conference in Munich where Hitler claimed he sought only one final territory, the Czech Sudetenland. This soon proved false. When Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with Stalin and invaded Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany. Japanese expansion into Manchuria and northern China brought condemnation from the League of Nations. While still at war with China, Japan launched a surprise attack on U.S. and European colonies in Southeast Asia.

Section 2 The Course of World War II
German forces swept through northern Europe early in the war and set up the Vichy government in France. German air attacks on Great Britain resulted in fierce British retaliation. In the east, harsh weather and a resolute Soviet Union defeated an invading German army. The Japanese conquered the Pacific but miscalculated when they attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor. The United States surprised Japan by abandoning its neutrality and entering the war to retake the Pacific. By the end of 1943, the tide had turned against Germany, Italy, and Japan. After the invasion of Normandy, the Allies liberated Paris and defeated Germany. U.S. president Harry Truman, British prime minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet premier Joseph Stalin met at Potsdam, Germany, to plan the postwar world. The war in Asia continued until the United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, causing massive casualties and bringing Japan's surrender.

Section 3 The New Order and the Holocaust
To further their war effort and Hitler's plans for Aryan expansion, the Nazis forced millions of people to resettle as forced laborers. No aspect of the Nazi New Order was more terrifying than the deliberate attempt to exterminate the Jews. As part of the Nazis' Final Solution, Jews were locked into cramped, unsanitary ghettos or forced to dig their own mass graves before being killed. When this proved too slow for the Nazis, they transported Europe's Jews to death camps where they were worked to death or sent to die in gas chambers. The Nazis killed between five and six million Jews and nine to ten million non-Jews. In Asia, Japan showed little respect for the peoples it conquered in its effort to secure industrial markets and raw materials. Japanese treatment of prisoners of war was equally harsh. Japan professed a commitment to ending Western colonialism, but the brutality of the Japanese convinced many Asians to resist Japanese occupation.

Section 4 The Home Front and the Aftermath of the War
World War II reached almost every area of the world, and mobilization for war brought widespread suffering and even starvation. The war caused nearly 20 million civilian deaths. The United States, which did not fight the war on its own territory, sent its forces to fight and produced much of the military equipment for the Allies. Segregation in the U.S. military led African Americans to demand civil rights. Racism and suspicion led to the wartime detention of more than 100,000 Japanese Americans. The bombing of cities by the Allied and Axis powers cost thousands of lives, but probably did nothing to weaken the morale of either side. After the war, ideological conflict between the West and the Soviet Union resulted in the Cold War. The Cold War centered on the status of Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe.





EXTRA CREDIT PROJECT


BACKGROUND Journalists play an important role in reporting events worldwide. In times of war, they go into war zones to bring back photos and stories about the situation as it changes. During World War II, before the age of television, people relied on news- papers to keep them informed about the course of the war and how the Allies were progressing.
TASK You and four or five classmates are newspaper journalists who are reporting on World War II. You are to write and publish a newspaper for a specific day during the war. You will include several war-related articles as well as other newspaper items such as political cartoons, weather, sports, local news, and perhaps an advertisement or two. (you may also choose to create a website (wiki) or produce a news video segment if you choose to do a video try arcive.org for video footage to use.
AUDIENCE Your audience includes your teacher, other students, and anyone who might read a newspaper.

PURPOSE Your purpose is to inform the public about the events that happened on a particular day during World War II.

PROCEDURES

1. As a group, decide on the individual jobs for each member. Agree on who will serve as the editor-in-chief, the layout editor, and the journalists.
2. Decide which day you will cover in your reporting. You may want to choose a date mentioned in the resources provided.
3. Research the day you have chosen by reading other newspapers that were printed on that day. Webclip (evernote) the most important stories and other items that interest you. If you discover that little of interest was reported, choose a different day.
4. The journalists will write articles summarizing the news stories. They may also want to write an editorial or create a political cartoon giving their own point of view on one of the news events. The articles may be edited by the editor-in-chief. (if they are "corrected be sure to include the original with your final submission)
5. Have one member of your group draw “photos” or make webclip published photos to go with some of the articles.
6. The layout editor will supervise the design of the masthead and the style of the headlines as well as the layout of the articles and photos. If necessary, shorten or lengthen the articles to fit the layout.
7. Make your finished newspaper available for the rest of the class to read.

REMEMBER: NEWSPAPERS REPORT THE PREVIOUS DAY'S EVENTS






PART ONE - PATHS TO WAR


Vocabulary Define: labor, demilita- rized, appeasement, achieve, confer- ence, New Order, assume, sanction.
People Identify: Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Joseph Stalin, Chiang Kai-shek


DIRECTIONS: Answer the following questions as you read Section 1.

1. Where did Hitler plan to find the land he felt he needed to make Germany a great power?
2. What was the name given to the Aryan racial state that Hitler thought would dominate Europe for a thousand years?
3. When Hitler announced the creation of an air force, and expanded the German army, what agreement did he violate?
4. What did Mussolini call the new alliance between Italy and Germany?
5. What did Neville Chamberlain boast of when he returned to England from the confer- ence in Munich in 1938?
6. What did Hitler declare in Prague on March 15, 1939?
7. Name the act committed by German forces that prompted Britain and France to declare war on Hitler.
8. Why did Japan seize Manchuria in 1931?
9. Why did Japan begin to cooperate with Nazi Germany in the late 1930s?
10. How did Japan react when the United States threatened economic sanctions unless Japan returned to its borders of 1931?






PART TWO - THE COURSE OF WORLD WAR II


Vocabulary Define: blitzkrieg, isola- tionism, neutrality, indefinite, partisan.
People Identify: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Douglas MacArthur, Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman.


DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blanks below as you read Section 2.

Hitler stunned Europe with the (1) XXXXX and (2) XXXXX of his attack on Poland. His (3) XXXXX or “lightning war,” used panzer divisions supported by airplanes. Within four weeks, Poland had (4) XXXXX . At the beginning of August 1940, the German air force launched a major offensive against (5) XXXXX. German planes bombed British (6) XXXXX, (7) XXXXX , (8) XXXXX , and (9) XXXXX . Hitler invaded the (10) XXXXX on June 22, 1941. An early (11) XXXXX and fierce Soviet (12) XXXXX halted the German advance.




On December 7, 1941, Japanese aircraft attacked the U.S. naval base at (13) XXXXX in the Hawaiian Islands. The United States now joined with European nations and (14) XXXXX in a combined effort to defeat Japan. (15) XXXXX and the United States were at war four days after the Pearl Harbor attack.

At the beginning of 1943, the Allies, Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union, agreed to fight until the Axis powers, Germany, Italy, and Japan, sur- rendered (16) XXXXX . By the fall of 1942, the war had turned (17) XXXXX the Germans.
On June 6, 1944, Allied forces under U.S. general Dwight D. Eisenhower landed on the (18) XXXXX beaches in history’s greatest naval invasion. Hitler committed (19) XXXXX on April 30, 1945, and German commanders surrendered on May 7.
In Asia, U.S. President Harry S Truman made the difficult decision to use (20) XXXXX weapons against Japan and avoid an invasion of Japan. After the bombing of (21) XXXXX and (22) XXXXX , Japan surrendered on August 14, 1945.






PART THREE - THE NEW ORDER AND THE HOLOCAUST


Vocabulary Define: implement, geno- cide, adjust, collaborator.
People Identify: Heinrich Himmler, Reinhard Heydrich



DIRECTIONS: Complete the outline below as you read Section 3.

I. In 1942, the Nazi regime stretched from the XXXXX to XXXXX .
A. XXXXX moved Slavic people in the East and replaced them with XXXXX

B. By summer, 1944, seven million Europeans were XXXXX to work for the Nazis.

II. The Final Solution in Hitler’s Europe was XXXXX of the Jewish people.
A. XXXXX were SS death squads whose job was to kill Jews by mass murder.

B. Six XXXXX centers were built in Poland for mass executions of Jews.
C. The Germans killed between five and six XXXXX Jews.

D. The mass slaughter of European civilians, especially Jews, is called the XXXXX .
E. Many children were evacuated from cities to avoid the XXXXX campaigns.
1. The Germans created 9,000 camps for children in the XXXXX .
2. In Japan, 15,000 children were evacuated from XXXXX before its destruction.

III. The Japanese conquered Southeast Asia under the slogan XXXXX .
A. Economic XXXXX of the colonies were used for the Japanese war machine.
B. Indonesians were required to bow in the direction of XXXXX.

C. Over 12,000 Allied prisoners of war and 90,000 workers died while working on the XXXXX railway.






PART 4 - THE HOME FRONT AND THE AFTERMATH OF THE WAR


Vocabulary Define: mobilization, impact, kamikaze, alternative, Cold War.
People and Events Identify: Albert Speer, General Hideki Tojo


DIRECTIONS: Fill in the blanks below as you read Section 4.

1. Even more than World War I, World War II was a XXXXX war in which fighting was much more widespread and covered most of the world.
2. Eventually the United States became the XXXXX of the Allied powers, producing much of the military equipment needed by the Allies.
3. Over a million XXXXX moved from the rural South in the United States, to the cities of the North and West, looking for jobs in industry.
4. On the West Coast, 110,000 XXXXX were removed to camps and required to take loyalty oaths.
5. Hitler refused to cut XXXXX production or to increase production of XXXXX during the first two years of the war.
6. Young Japanese were encouraged to volunteer to serve as pilots XXXXX or in XXXXX missions against U.S. fighting ships
at sea.
7. The first sustained use of XXXXX bombing began in early September 1940, as Londoners took the first heavy blows from the German air force.
8. The ferocious bombing of Dresden created a XXXXX that may have killed as many as 100,000 inhabitants and refugees. 9. Fearing high U.S. casualties in a land invasion of Japan, President Truman and his advisers decided to drop the atomic bomb on XXXXX and XXXXX in August 1945.
10. At the Tehran Conference, the Soviet Union, the United States, and Great Britain agreed to a XXXXX of postwar Germany.
11. XXXXX said, “A freely elected government in any of these East European countries would be anti-Soviet, and that we cannot allow.”
12. In March 1946, the former British prime minister Winston Churchill declared that XXXXX had descended across the continent of Europe.
13. While many in the West thought Soviet policy was part of a global XXXXX conspiracy, the Soviets viewed Western, and especially American, policy as nothing less than global capitalist XXXXX .





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